resource materials


Ackerman, Peter and Christopher Kruegler. Strategic Nonviolent Conflict: The Dynamics of People Power in the Twentieth Century. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1994.

Arendt, Hannah. Crises of the Republic. San Diego: Harcourt Brace, 1972.

King, Mary. Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr. The Power of Nonviolent Action Paris: UNESCO Publishing, 1999.

Asher, Sarah Beth, Lester R. Kurtz, and Stephen Zunes eds. Nonviolent Social Movements: A Geographical Perspective Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 1999.

Meyer, David S. and Sidney Tarrow eds. The Social Movement Society: Contentious Politics for a New Century Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield, 1998.

Nagler, Michael N. Is There No Other Way? The Search for a Nonviolent Future Berkeley: Berkeley Hills Books, 2001.

Sharp, Gene. Politics of Nonviolent Action, 3 vols. Boston: P. Sargent Publishers, 1973.

Tarrow, Sidney. Power in Movement: Social Movements, Collective Action and Politics. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994.



Brown, Judith. Gandhi: Prisoner of Hope. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1989.

Copley, Anthony, Gandhi Against the Tide. Calcutta: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Dalton, Dennis. Mahatma Gandhi: Nonviolent Power in Action. New York: Columbia University Press, 1993.

Gandhi, M.K. Hind Swaraj and Other Writings. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Low, D.A. Britain and Indian Nationalism: The Imprint of Ambiguity, 1929-1942. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Sarkar, Sumit Modern India. Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1989.

Steger, Manfred. Gandhi's Dilemma: Nonviolent Principles and Nationalist Power New York: St. Martin's Press, 2000.


Branch, Taylor. Parting the Waters: America in the King Years, 1954-63. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1988.

Cook, Robert. Sweet Land of Liberty? The African-American Struggle for Civil Rights in the Twentieth Century. London: Longman, 1998.

Fredrickson, George M. Black Liberation: A Comparative History of Black Ideologies in the United States and South Africa. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Halberstam, David. The Children. New York: Random House, 1998. Hampton, Henry and Steve Fayer (with Sarah Flynn). Voices of Freedom: An Oral History of the Civil Rights Movement from the 1950s through the 1980s. New York: Bantam Books, 1990.

Kapur, Sudarshan. Raising up a Prophet: The African-American Encounter with Gandhi. Boston: Beacon Press, 1992.

Lewis, John. Walking with the Wind: A Memoir of the Movement. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1998.

McAdam, Doug. Freedom Summer Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988.

Morris, Aldon D. The Origins of the Civil Rights Movement: Black Communities Organizing for Change. New York: The Free Press, 1984.

South Africa

Lodge, Tom, et al. All, Here, and Now: Black Politics in South Africa in the 1980s. New York: Ford Foundation, 1991.

Mandela, Nelson. Long Walk to Freedom. London: Abacus, 1994.

Marks, Susan Collin. Watching the Wind: Conflict Resolution During South Africa's Transition to Democracy Washington: United States Institute of Peace, 2000.

Marx, Anthony. Lessons of Struggle: South African Internal Opposition, 1960-1990. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Mayekiso, Mzwanele. Township Politics: Civic Struggles in the New South Africa. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1996.

Mufson, Steven. Fighting Years: Black Resistance and the Struggle for a New South Africa. Boston: Beacon Press, 1990.

Thompson, Leonard. A History of South Africa. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1995.

Tutu, Desmond. The Rainbow People of God. New York: Doubleday, 1994.


Danstrup, John. A History of Denmark. Copenhagen, Wivel: Copenhagen, 1947.

Haestrup, Jorgen. Secret Alliance. Odense: Odense University Press, 1976.

Lowry, Lois. Number the Stars. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1989.

Petrow, Richard. The Bitter Years: The Invasion and Occupation of Denmark and Norway. New York: Morrow, 1974.

Semelin, Jacques. Unarmed Against Hitler: Civilian Resistance in Europe, 1939-1943. Westport: Praeger, 1993.

Thomas, John Orem. The Giant Killers: The Story of the Danish Resistance Movement. New York: Taplinger, 1975.


Ash, Timothy Garton. The Polish Revolution: Solidarity. New York: Charles Scribners' Sons, 1984.

Bernhard, Michael H. The Origins of Democratization in Poland: Workers, Intellectuals and Oppositional Politics, 1976-1980. New York: Columbia University Press, 1993.

Goodwyn, Lawrence. Breaking the Barrier: The Rise of Solidarity in Poland. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Laba, Roman. The Roots of Solidarity: A Political Sociology of Poland's Working-Class Democratization. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991.

Persky, Stan. At the Lenin Shipyard: Poland and the Rise of the Solidarity Trade Union. Vancouver: New Star Books, 1981.

Ramet, Sabrina Petra. Social Currents in Eastern Europe: The Sources and the Consequences of the Great Transformation. Durham: Duke University Press, 1995.

Stokes, Gale. The Walls Came Tumbling Down: The Collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.


Arriagada, Genaro. Pinochet: The Politics of Power. Boston: Unwin Hyman, 1988.

Constable, Pamela, and Arturo Valenzuela. A Nation of Enemies: Chilé under Pinochet. New York: Norton, 1991.

Drake, Paul, and Ivan Jaksic, eds. The Struggle for Democracy in Chilé, 1982-1990. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1991.

Oppenheim, Lois Hecht. Politics in Chilé: Democracy, Authoritarianism and the Search for Development. Boulder: Westview Press, 1993.

Spooner, Mary Helen. Soldiers in a Narrow Land: The Pinochet Regime in Chilé. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.


Branson, Louise and Dusko Doder. Milosevic: Portrait Of A Tyrant New York: The Free Press, 1999.

Daalder, Ivo H. and Michael E. O'Hanlon. Winning Ugly: NATO's War to Save Kosovo Washington: Brookings Institution Press, 2000.

Glenny, Misha. The Balkans: Nationalism, War and the Great Powers, 1804-1999 New York: Viking Penguin, 2000.

Gordy, Eric D. The Culture of Power in Serbia: Nationalism and the Destruction of Alternatives University Park: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1999

Judah, Tim. The Serbs: History, Myth and the Destruction of Yugoslavia New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997.

Thomas, Robert. The Politics of Serbia in the 1990s. New York: Columbia University Press, 1999.